PvP Tanking for Dummies by Hottie (5.9)

PvP Tanking for Dummies by Hottie (5.9)


Revisions

2018-05-14: Updated to reflect changes to Immortal, Darkness and Shield Tech (and their respective Republic mirror) disciplines as of game update 5.9.


Glossary

Term Definition
AoE area of effect
CC crowd control (e.g., stun)
hard stun a type of CC that doesn't break on damage taken (e.g., Electrocute)
mez a type of CC that breaks on damage taken (e.g., Awe)
sap a type of mez that is only usable from stealth on targets out of combat (e.g., Mind Maze)
DPS damage per second
GCD global cooldown: when activated, most of your abilities trigger a global (or universal) cooldown of 1.5 seconds, during which time no other abilities can be used; some abilities do not respect the global cooldown (referred to as being “off the GCD”); Alacrity reduces the GCD
LoS line of sight
proc when conditions are met to trigger a passive ability (e.g., generate a stack of Dark Ward)

Introduction

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A tank is a support-DPS hybrid whose main job is to reduce the enemy team’s outgoing damage by using taunts, mitigating burst damage with timely Guard swaps and helping to peel and/or control enemy healers and DPS. Tanks’ secondary objective is to contribute DPS to help secure kills. Good tanks need to recognize and understand other classes’ abilities to effectively mitigate incoming damage. They also need the situational awareness to know which allies to Guard and when. PvP tanking has a high skill ceiling. The challenge lies in maximizing damage output while reducing incoming damage from the enemy team as much as possible.

Three classes (per faction) have tank disciplines.

Imperial Republic
Immortal Juggernaut Defense Guardian
Shield Tech Powertech Shield Specialist Vanguard
Darkness Assassin Kinetic Combat Shadow

Stats

Stat Description
Accuracy Tank disciplines gain 10% Accuracy. Additional Accuracy Rating is not necessary.
Defense Rating Increases chance to defend against melee- and ranged-type (i.e., “white damage”) attacks.
Shield/Absorb All melee- and ranged-type attacks and Force- and tech-type attacks which cause kinetic or energy damage can be shielded against unless they are critical hits. Attacks that cause internal or elemental damage cannot be shielded against.
Critical Rating Increases Critical Chance and Critical Multiplier.
Alacrity Decreases GCD, channel and cast times, internal CDs and increases resource regeneration rate.
Power Increases Bonus Damage.
Mastery Increases Bonus Damage and Critical Chance. Slightly better than Power for DPS.
Endurance Increases maximum HP.

Note: A strong offense is a good defense. As of 5.7, the PvP “meta” is for tanks to gear for maximum DPS as opposed to mitigation (stacking Critical Rating, etc., instead of Shield Rating, etc.) and to equip DPS relics.

Note: For an in-depth look at stats and damage calculation in SWTOR, see our recent guide.


Set Bonuses

War Leader (Juggernaut/Guardian)
2-piece Crushing Blow or Guardian Slash increases damage reduction by 2% for 4 seconds.
4-piece Force Scream or Blade Storm reduces the cooldown of Taunt and Challenging Call or Threatening Scream by 2 seconds per activation.
6-piece Increases the duration of Blade Turning by 3 seconds, and the duration of Invincible or Warding Call by 5 seconds.
Survivor (Assassin/Shadow)
2-piece Wither or Slow Time increases damage reduction by 2% for 3 seconds.
4-piece Wither or Slow Time reduces the cooldown of Mind Control and Mass Mind Control by 2 seconds per activation.
6-piece Deflection’s duration is increased by 3 seconds and its cooldown is reduced by 10 seconds.
Supercommando (Powertech/Vanguard)
2-piece Heat Blast or Energy Blast increases damage reduction by 2% for 5 seconds.
4-piece While Ion Gas Cylinder or Ion Cell is active, Rocket Punch or Stockstrike reduce the cooldowns of Neural Dart and Sonic Missile or Neural Jolt and Sonic Round by 2 seconds.
6-piece Increases the duration of Oil Slick or Riot Gas by 3 seconds and the duration of Energy Shield or Reactive Shield by 4 seconds.
Note: Because Maul and Spinning Strike can be used by all Assassin and Shadow disciplines, Assassins and Shadows can opt to equip Stalker armorings instead. The Stalker 6-piece set bonus makes Maul or Spinning Strike critically hit when certain conditions are met. Juggernauts and Powertechs (and their Republic counterparts) don’t have this option: their autocrit set bonuses are tied to abilities exclusive to DPS disciplines.

Shield Offhand

Fig. 1: Shield offhand.

Always make sure you have a shield equipped in your offhand slot. This will markedly increase your survivability at a small cost to your damage output. You cannot shield against incoming attacks with a focus or generator (DPS offhands) equipped—only with a shield.

Tanks also have useful abilities that are triggered by shielding against attacks, as follows.

Juggernaut/Guardian

Parrying, deflecting, shielding against or resisting an attack has a 50% chance to grant Revenge or Courage, reducing the rage/focus consumed by your next Force Scream / Blade Storm or Vicious Throw / Dispatch by 1.

Powertech/Vanguard

Heat Screen or Power Screen is proc’d by shielding against attacks or triggering Ion Gas Cylinder or Ion Cell.

Assassin/Shadow

Whenever you shield against, parry or deflect an attack, you recover 2% of your maximum Force, your next Discharge or Force Breach does 75% more damage and the active cooldown of Force Shroud or Resilience is decreased by 1 second. Additionally, shielding against an attack with Dark Ward or Kinetic Ward active restores a charge and increases its active duration by 1 second.

Note: Powertech and Vanguard shields carry an intrinsic amount of Tech Power while Assassin, Shadow, Juggernaut and Guardian shields carry Force Power.


Tanking Mechanics

Guard

 Guard

While active, the guarded player takes 5% less damage* and generates 25% less threat. In addition, so long as you remain within 15 meters of the guarded player, 50% of all incoming damage from enemy players is transferred back to you.


Note*: Guarded targets benefit from 50% damage redirection when they are within 15m of their tank. Outside 15m, the guarded target benefits from 5% damage reduction only. In PvP, threat reduction is irrelevant.
Advanced Class Guard Icon
Juggernaut
Guardian
Powertech
Vanguard
Assassin
Shadow

Note: Notice that you can cast Guard up to 30m away but its effective range (where damage is transferred) is 15m. If you’re 15–30m away from an ally in trouble, you can cast Guard as you approach them so they benefit from its damage transfer as soon as you are within 15m.

Fig. 2: Demonstrating Guard’s effective range (15m).

Note: It’s easy to accidentally double-click Guard: deactivating Guard won’t trigger the global cooldown (though you can't deactivate Guard during the global cooldown). Keep an eye out for the big blue bubble around the target you are guarding, check your action bar to make sure Guard is active (it should be lit up, as shown below) and check your buff tray/your ally’s buff tray to confirm.

onoffguard2.png

Note: You can parry melee and ranged attacks against your guarded target.

Tip: You do not need to be within line of sight of your intended target to cast Guard.

Tip: Allies still benefit from Guard even if you are are out of line of sight, as long as you are within 15m (Guard’s effective range).

Tip: You can neither Guard a player who has Guard on another target nor can you Guard a target if you are being guarded. If you Guard a tank, it will prevent them from guarding a target. Do not Guard other tanks unless strategically necessary.

Tip: If you insist on leaving your location and your guarded target, do them a favor and deactivate Guard. This lets other players Guard them while you are away. Guard does not drop off even if you are across the map: that player will still have your Guard but will not benefit from damage redirection. Further, others will not be able to Guard them unless you drop your Guard or they click off your Guard icon in their buff tray.

Guard strategy: One way to separate yourself from other tanks is to rotate Guard to whoever is taking the most damage. Tanks’ role is to mitigate burst damage so healers can do their job more easily—burst healing is energy/resource intensive. Learning to rotate your Guard (not only to healers but DPS as well) and stay within Guard range is vital. You are not doing your job if you keep your Guard on one target who isn’t taking damage. Guard the player taking the most damage at any given moment, rotating Guard when the enemy team switches targets.

A common rookie mistake is to leave Guard on your healer for the whole match, even when they are not taking damage. Remember that you can help your healer more by rotating your Guard to whoever is taking the most damage so your healer has an easier time keeping the team alive.

Taunting

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Taunting is extremely important for tanks (as well as for DPS who have this ability). When a character is taunted, their attacks against anyone other than the caster temporarily deal 30% less damage. Taunts are normally on short CDs: use them often. Every advanced class with a tanking discipline (Powertechs, Juggernauts, Assassins and their Republic counterparts) has one single-target taunt and one AoE taunt.

Juggernaut/Guardian

Single-target taunt: Taunt or Taunt
AoE taunt: Threatening Scream or Challenging Call

Powertech/Vanguard

Single-target taunt: Neural Dart or Neural Jolt
AoE taunt: Sonic Missile or Sonic Round

Assassin/Shadow

Single-target taunt: Mind Control or Mind Control
AoE taunt: Mass Mind Control or Mass Mind Control

Tip: Never single-target taunt healers: it doesn’t reduce their healing output and their DPS is negligible.

Tip: Prioritize taunting those enemies doing the most damage. This will reduce their DPS and maximize the value of your taunts.

Note: The 4-piece set bonus for each tanking set (War Leader, Survivor and Supercommando) causes an ability (respectively: Force Scream or Blade Storm, Wither or Slow Time and Rocket Punch or Stockstrike) to reduce the active cooldowns of both single-target and AoE taunts by 2 seconds.

Protection

Fig. 3: Post-match statistics.

In the post-match statistics, all the damage you prevented with taunts and redirected via Guard counts towards your Protection score. The better you are at taunting the right targets on CD and rotating your Guard to mitigate as much damage as possible, the higher this number.

To reiterate: damage redirected via Guard + damage mitigated by taunts = Protection value.


Hard Stuns and Mezzes

bounty-hunter-2.png

Every discipline in SWTOR has at least one hard stun and one mez (except Powertechs/Vanguards, who have an AoE hard stun instead of a mez).

Learn the difference between hard stuns, which are stuns lasting 2–4 seconds that do not break on damage, and mezzes, stuns lasting 6–8 seconds which break on damage. When you are mezzing a player in hopes of stopping them from casting or helping a teammate escape, try not to break your own mez! Also note that teammates can break your mezzes. For example, if the target you want to CC has DoTs on them, any mez will be broken as soon as the DoT ticks. In this instance, it's better to hard stun the target.

Be aware that hard stuns and mezzes build resolve. You cannot CC targets indefinitely: chaining CCs on a target fills their resolve bar, turning it white and granting them temporary immunity to mezzes and hard stuns. Learning the basics of the resolve system will help you improve as a support player. I would advise studying the Resolve chapter of Ne’laa’s excellent guide to PvP.

Hard Stuns/Mezzes by Discipline

Juggernaut/Guardian

Powertech/Vanguard

Note*: Enhanced Paralytics/Paralytic Augs utility increases stun durations of Electro Dart/Cryo Grenade by 1 second and Carbonize/Neural Surge by 0.5 seconds.

Assassin/Shadow

Note*: Shroud of Darkness/Mental Fortitude passive enables tanks to use Spike/Spinning Kick out of stealth.

Note⁺: Haunted Dreams/Containment utility enables Assassins/Shadows to cast Whirlwind/Force Lift instantly. Additionally, if Whirlwind/Force Lift is broken early by damage, the target is stunned for 2 seconds.

Disciplines

Immortal Juggernaut

Offensive Abilities

Priority system is as follows:

juggernaut.png
  1. Retaliation (off the GCD)
  2. Crushing Blow
  3. Ravage (if target is in execute range, Vicious Throw is also here)
  4. Force Scream
  5. Smash

Vicious Slash: Single-target filler; also applies Trauma, reducing targets’ healing received by 20%.

Sweeping Slash: AoE filler; also applies Trauma, reducing targets’ healing received by 20%.

Aegis Assault generates 6 rage and increases damage reduction by 3% for 20 seconds; when active, Crushing Blow hits up to 7 additional targets.

Saber Throw deals single-target damage at range and builds 3 rage.

Chilling Scream: Spammable AoE slow; the Piercing Chill utility causes Chilling Scream to deal periodic elemental damage to targets and increases caster’s movement speed for 8 seconds.

Out of rage? Use Assault.

Parrying, deflecting, shielding against or resisting an attack has a 50% chance to grant Revenge, reducing the rage consumed by your next Force Scream or Vicious Throw by 1.

Defensive/Peeling Tools

Intercede is a friendly leap exclusive to Juggernauts. The player who is leapt to benefits from 20% damage reduction for 6 seconds. This is extremely powerful, especially in conjunction with taunts and/or Guard.

Fig. 4: Juggernaut’s Intercede animation.

Force Push can be used offensively (to interrupt and isolate targets) and defensively (to help peel).

Defensive Cooldowns

Saber Reflect: Saber Reflect is one of your go-to cooldowns when under heavy focus fire or being “tank tunneled”. It should only be used in this situation as it does nothing to mitigate collateral AoE damage or damage taken through Guard. You need to learn which attacks can be reflected and notice when you are the main target of these attacks.

Enraged Defense: While it can be used at <70% health, never use it at more than 50% health or you risk wasting it by overhealing yourself. You should be particularly conservative with this DCD when you have a healer on your team. Unless you’re in voice chat with your healer to ask them, you can’t know for sure whether you need to use Enraged Defense or to expect some burst healing. If you are in communication with your healer, let them know before you use Enraged Defense so they can focus on healing others and avoid overhealing you. Note that this ability can be used while stunned.

Invincible: Invincible reduces damage taken from all sources by 40% for 10 seconds (or 15 seconds with the War Leader 6-piece set bonus). That includes collateral AoE damage and damage taken through Guard. Note that the damage reduction is multiplicative, not additive. Use Invincible to stay ahead during periods of heavy incoming damage.

Saber Ward: Saber Ward is ideally used when tank tunneled because it grants 100% dodge chance for its first 5 seconds with Blade Turning and the Immortal set bonus and 50% increased dodge chance for the remainder. This is useless against a lot of the AoE you’re likely to catch. However, unlike Deflection, this ability also offers +25% damage reduction against Force and Tech attacks. It can therefore be effective (to a varying degree) at mitigating damage taken through Guard but is still much less effective than at mitigating direct damage. If your opponents show no interest in tank tunneling you then you need to be prepared to use it just for the yellow damage reduction. Note that, because you can’t dodge attacks while hard stunned, this cooldown is especially effective when you have full resolve (are “white-barred”).

Endure Pain: Endure Pain is an odd DCD. For the Immortal discipline, it temporarily increases maximum health by 30% for 20 seconds. However, the extra or “fake” health is lost when Endure Pain expires. When out of options, Endure Pain buys time for teammates to heal you or for other DCDs to come off cooldown.

Mad Dash: Grants a brief window of immunity to everything (damage and CCs). Use it to kite, establish range, reposition or to resist abilities like Heatseeker Missiles or Thermal Detonator.

Recommended Utilities

To the left are utilities ranked by usefulness (key below). To the right is a recommended build for typical warzones. When you feel comfortable with the discipline, I encourage you to experiment, to find which utilities complement your playstyle and which are best suited to particular situations, team compositions, etc.

Key  
green outline must have
red cross not recommended
unmodified situational

Defense Guardian

guardian.png

Offensive Abilities

Priority system is as follows:

  1. Riposte (off the GCD)
  2. Guardian Slash
  3. Blade Barrage (if target is in execute range, Dispatch is also here)
  4. Blade Storm
  5. Force Sweep

Slash: Single-target filler; also applies Trauma, reducing targets’ healing received by 20%.

Cyclone Slash: AoE filler; also applies Trauma, reducing targets’ healing received by 20%.

Warding Strike generates 6 rage and increases damage reduction by 3% for 20 seconds; when active, Guardian Slash hits up to 7 additional targets.

Saber Throw deals single-target damage at range and builds 3 focus.

Freezing Force: Spammable AoE slow; Persistent Chill utility causes Freezing Force to deal periodic elemental damage to targets and increases caster’s movement speed for 8 seconds.

Out of focus? Use Strike.

Parrying, deflecting, shielding against or resisting an attack has a 50% chance to grant Courage, reducing the rage consumed by your next Blade Storm or Dispatch by 1. 

Defensive/Peeling Tools

Guardian Leap is a friendly leap exclusive to Guardians. The player who is leapt to benefits from 20% damage reduction for 6 seconds. This is extremely powerful, especially in conjunction with taunts and/or Guard.

Fig. 5: Guardian’s Guardian Leap animation.

Force Push can be used offensively (to interrupt and isolate targets) and defensively (to help peel).

Defense Guardian

Saber Reflect: Saber Reflect is one of your go-to cooldowns when under heavy focus fire or being “tank tunneled”. It should only be used in this situation as it does nothing to mitigate collateral AoE damage or damage taken through Guard. You need to learn which attacks can be reflected and notice when you are the main target of these attacks.

Focused Defense: While it can be used at <70% health, never use it at more than 50% health or you risk wasting it by overhealing yourself. You should be particularly conservative with this DCD when you have a healer on your team. Unless you’re in voice chat with your healer to ask them, you can’t know for sure whether you need to use Focused Defense or to expect some burst healing. If you are in communication with your healer, let them know before you use Focused Defense so they can focus on healing others and avoid overhealing you. Note that this ability can be used while stunned.

Warding Call: Warding Call reduces damage taken from all sources by 40% for 10 seconds (or 15 seconds with the War Leader 6-piece set bonus). That includes collateral AoE damage and damage taken through Guard. Note that the damage reduction is multiplicative, not additive. Use Warding Call to stay ahead during periods of heavy incoming damage.

Saber Ward: Saber Ward is ideally used when tank tunneled because it grants 100% dodge chance for its first 5 seconds with Blade Turning and the Immortal set bonus and 50% increased dodge chance for the remainder. This is useless against a lot of the AoE you’re likely to catch. However, unlike Deflection, this ability also offers +25% damage reduction against Force and Tech attacks. It can therefore be effective (to a varying degree) at mitigating damage taken through Guard but is still much less effective than at mitigating direct damage. If your opponents show no interest in tank tunneling you then you need to be prepared to use it just for the yellow damage reduction. Note that, because you can’t dodge attacks while hard stunned, this cooldown is especially effective when you have full resolve (are “white-barred”).

Enure: Enure is an odd DCD. For the Defense discipline, it temporarily increases maximum health by 30% for 20 seconds. However, the extra or “fake” health is lost when Enure expires. When out of options, Enure buys time for teammates to heal you or for other DCDs to come off cooldown.

Blade Blitz: Grants a brief window of immunity to everything (damage and CCs). Use it to kite, establish range, reposition or to resist abilities like Heatseeker Missiles or Thermal Detonator.

Recommended Utilities

To the left are utilities ranked by usefulness (key below). To the right is a recommended build for typical warzones. When you feel comfortable with the discipline, I encourage you to experiment, to find which utilities complement your playstyle and which are best suited to particular situations, team compositions, etc.

Key  
green outline must have
red cross not recommended
unmodified situational

Darkness Assassin

assassin.png

Offensive Abilities

Opening rotation is as follows:

WitherShockThrash (filler) → autocrit ShockDepredating Volts (only with 3 stacks of Harnessed Darkness) → Maul (when proc’d)

From there, the priority system is as follows:

  1. Assassinate (only usable when target is in execute range)
  2. Depredating Volts (when proc’d)
  3. Wither or Shock
  4. Maul (when proc’d)

Thrash for filler when waiting for Wither or Shock to come back up and Maul isn’t proc’d. Thrash also applies Trauma, reducing targets’ healing received by 20%.

Wither/Shock procs Harnessed Darkness (stacks up to 3 times), which makes Depredating Volts uninterruptible and immune to pushback. Additionally, each stack increases the damage of the next Depredating Volts by 15%.

Do not use Depredating Volts, Discharge or Maul unless proc’d.

Assassinate on CD if a target is in execute range.

When proc’d, Discharge for maximum cleave (proc’d by shielding against, parrying and deflecting attacks).

Only Lacerate when you see a good cleave opportunity; it applies the Trauma debuff (20% decreased healing received) and procs Maul/Shock.

Out of Force? Saber Strike.

Recklessness increases the critical chance of direct Force attacks by 60%.

  • Recklessness → autocrit Shock → Depredating Volts
  • Recklessness → Depredating Volts → Wither (AoE)

Defensive/Peeling Tools

DefectionMounting Darkness is a Darkness passive which turns Deflection into an 8-meter AoE aura centered on the caster. Enemies within its radius deal 15% less Force and tech damage for 12 seconds (or 15 seconds with the Survivor 6-piece set bonus, which also reduces its cooldown by 10 seconds).

Fig. 6: Assassin’s Deflection/Mounting Darkness animation.

Phantom Stride: Instantly teleport to an enemy target. Can be used to get back into Guard range or CC an incoming enemy. Does not break stealth.

Force Pull can be used to peel for an ally or move an enemy out of position for a kill.

Defensive Cooldowns

Force Speed: The Phasing Phantasm utility causes Force Speed to grant 60% damage reduction for its duration. Use to mitigate burst damage directed at you or your guarded target. Use on cooldown when under heavy fire.

Recklessness: As well as being a potent offensive cooldown, Recklessness additionally grants 30% shield absorption for 20 seconds (via the Shroud of Darkness passive).
 
Force Shroud: Use to purge debuffs, resist big yellow damage and resist stuns. Because of its short, 1-minute cooldown (further reduced by shielding/parrying/deflecting attacks via the Lightning Recovery passive), you can use Force Shroud liberally.

Overcharge Saber: Use when you need longer-lasting damage reduction (+25% for the duration via the Premonition passive). Make sure not to pop it too early as it heals you for 15% of your maximum HP on activation. Because it provides flat damage reduction (from all sources), it is particularly useful for mitigating damage taken though Guard.

Deflection: Deflection increases your chance to parry melee and ranged attacks by 50% for 12 seconds. Because you can parry melee/ranged attacks against your guarded target, it’s useful when you or your guarded target are taking heavy white damage (e.g., from Marksmanship Snipers).

If you or your guarded target are taking heavy yellow damage, use Overcharge Saber instead.

The debuff (from Mounting Darkness) applied to enemies within 15m mitigates single-target yellow damage directed at any of your teammates (not just you and your guarded ally). However, 15% damage reduction is fairly small. Ideally, you will use Deflection when you or your guarded target are under focus fire and you’re in a position to debuff multiple enemies—but you will sometimes be forced to use it for one situation or the other. Note that, because you can’t dodge attacks while hard stunned, this cooldown is especially effective when you have full resolve (are “white-barred”).

Force Cloak: Force Cloak has three main uses. Firstly, when you need to disengage from a fight. Secondly, when you need to temporarily reduce pressure on yourself and give your healers breathing room. Note that, in both instances, you first need to deactivate Guard to prevent getting decloaked by Guard damage or (somewhat less importantly) getting stuck in combat. Thirdly, you can also use it at as a second, shorter Force Shroud. However, you should only do this if you are confident you won't need the cooldown as an escape (as in the first two examples) anytime soon. Force Cloak also “resets” your Warzone Medpac, which has a cooldown of 1.5 minutes but also requires you to break combat to use it again. In theory, Assassins can use their medpac every 1.5 minutes with Force Cloak.

Recommended Utilities

To the left are utilities ranked by usefulness (key below). To the right is a recommended build for typical warzones. When you feel comfortable with the discipline, I encourage you to experiment, to find which utilities complement your playstyle and which are best suited to particular situations, team compositions, etc.

Key  
green outline must have
red cross not recommended
unmodified situational

Kinetic Combat Shadow

shadow.png

Offensive Abilities

Opening rotation is as follows:

Slow TimeProjectDouble Strike (filler) → autocrit ProjectCascading Debris (only with 3 stacks of Harnessed Shadows) → Shadow Strike (when proc’d)

From there, the priority system is as follows:

  1. Spinning Strike (only usable when target is in execute range)
  2. Cascading Debris (when proc’d)
  3. Slow Time or Project
  4. Shadow Strike (when proc’d)

Double Strike for filler when waiting for Slow Time or Project to come back up and Shadow Strike isn’t proc’d. Double Strike also applies Trauma, reducing targets’ healing received by 20%.

Slow Time and Project proc Harnessed Shadows (stacks up to 3 times), which makes Cascading Debris uninterruptible and immune to pushback. Additionally, each stack increases the damage of the next Cascading Debris by 15%.

Do not use Cascading Debris, Force Breach or Shadow Strike unless proc’d.

Spinning Strike on CD if a target is in execute range.

When proc’d, Force Breach for maximum cleave (proc’d by shielding against, parrying and deflecting attacks).

Only Whirling Blow when you see a good cleave opportunity; it applies the Trauma debuff (20% decreased healing received) and procs Shadow Strike/Project.

Out of Force? Saber Strike.

Force Potency increases critical chance of direct Force attacks by 60%.

  • Force Potency → autocrit Project → Cascading Debris
  • Force Potency → Cascading Debris → Slow Time (AoE)

Defensive/Peeling Tools

Deflection: Pulsating Force is a Kinetic Combat passive which turns Deflection into an 8-meter AoE aura centered on the caster. Enemies within its radius deal 15% less Force and tech damage for 12 seconds (or 15 seconds with the Survivor 6-piece set bonus, which also reduces its cooldown by 10 seconds).

Fig. 7: Shadow’s Deflection/Pulsating Force animation (credit: Valek).

Shadow Stride: Instantly teleport to an enemy target. Can be used to get back into Guard range or CC an incoming enemy. Does not break stealth.

Force Pull can be used to peel for an ally or move an enemy out of position for a kill.

Defensive Cooldowns

Force Speed: The One with the Shadows utility causes Force Speed to grant 60% damage reduction for its duration. Use to mitigate burst damage directed at you or your guarded target. Use on cooldown when under heavy fire.

Force Potency: As well as being a powerful offensive cooldown, Force Potency additionally grants 30% shield absorption for 20 seconds (via the Mental Fortitude passive).
 
Resilience: Use to purge debuffs, resist big yellow damage and resist stuns. Because of its short, 1-minute cooldown (further reduced by shielding/parrying/deflecting attacks via the Rapid Recovery passive), you can use Resilience liberally.

Battle Readiness: Use when you need longer-lasting damage reduction (+25% for the duration via the Shadowsight passive). Make sure not to pop it too early as it also heals you for 15% of your maximum HP on activation. Because it provides flat damage reduction (from all sources), it is particularly useful for mitigating damage taken though Guard.

Deflection: Deflection increases your chance to parry melee and ranged attacks by 50% for 12 seconds. Because you can parry melee/ranged attacks against your guarded target, it’s useful when you or your guarded target are taking heavy white damage (e.g., from Marksmanship Snipers).

If you or your guarded target are taking heavy yellow damage, use Battle Readiness instead.

The debuff (from Pulsating Force) applied to enemies within 15m mitigates single-target yellow damage directed at any of your teammates (not just you and your guarded ally). However, 15% damage reduction is fairly small. Ideally, you will use Deflection when you or your guarded target are under focus fire and you’re in a position to debuff multiple enemies—but you will sometimes be forced to use it for one situation or the other. Note that, because you can’t dodge attacks while hard stunned, this cooldown is especially effective when you have full resolve (are “white-barred”).

Force Cloak: Force Cloak has three main uses. Firstly, when you need to disengage from a fight. Secondly, when you need to temporarily reduce pressure on yourself and give your healers breathing room. Note that, in both instances, you first need to deactivate Guard to prevent getting decloaked by Guard damage or (somewhat less importantly) getting stuck in combat. Thirdly, you can also use it at as a second, shorter Resilience. However, you should only do this if you are confident you won't need the cooldown as an escape (as in the first two examples) anytime soon. Force Cloak also “resets” your Warzone Medpac, which has a cooldown of 1.5 minutes but also requires you to break combat to use it again. In theory, Shadows can use their medpac every 1.5 minutes with Force Cloak.

Recommended Utilities

To the left are utilities ranked by usefulness (key below). To the right is a recommended build for typical warzones. When you feel comfortable with the discipline, I encourage you to experiment, to find which utilities complement your playstyle and which are best suited to particular situations, team compositions, etc.

Key  
green outline must have
red cross not recommended
unmodified situational

Shield Tech Powertech

Offensive Abilities

Priority system is as follows:

powertech.png
  1. Heat Blast whenever proc’d (by shielding against an attack or triggering Ion Gas Cylinder)
  2. Rocket Punch
  3. Rail Shot
  4. Firestorm (floats in priority as it’s on internal cooldown—wait for ideal cleave)

Flame Sweep: Spammable AoE ability. Applies Trauma debuff (20% less healing received). The Suppressive Tools utility additionally causes Flame Sweep to slow affected targets.

Flame Burst: Good single-target damage. Applies Trauma debuff (20% less healing received).

Explosive Fuel: Offensive and defensive cooldown, increasing ranged and tech critical hit chance by 25% and defense chance by 35% (via Coolant passive).

Shatter Slug: Shouldn’t be used unless without the Mutilating Shards utility (slows affected targets by 75% for 15 seconds). Flame Sweep/Suppressive Tools slow is arguably superior.

Deadly Onslaught: Only use if you see a good cleave opportunity.

Shoulder Cannon: Use on cooldown. Can also be used while CC’d.

Overheated? Use Vent Heat and/or Rapid Shots.

Defensive/Peeling Tools

Oil Slick is unique to Shield Tech. It reduces the movement speed of all targets within its AoE by 70% and reduces their accuracy by 15%. It lasts 10 seconds (or 13 seconds with the Supercommando 6-piece set bonus) and is hard to miss, leaving a giant pool of oil at its location. It’s particularly effective against melee attackers, who have a hard time escaping it. You can either stand in the AoE or just outside it, forcing melee to trudge through or take the long way around.

Fig. 8: Powertech’s Oil Slick animation.

Translocate is a cast ability that causes you and a friendly target to swap locations. Translocated allies cannot be leapt to or pulled and are immune to interrupts and pushback for 6 seconds or until they use an aggressive/healing ability. Translocate can be used to quickly get an ally out of a bad position and put you back on the frontline. Does not interrupt targeted ally’s casts.

Fig. 9: Powertech’s Translocate animation.

Grapple can be used to peel for an ally or move an enemy out of position for a kill.

Defensive Cooldowns

Explosive Fuel: Explosive Fuel is Shield Tech’s go-to defensive cooldown because it doubles as a powerful offensive cooldown (+25% critical hit chance). +35% defense chance not only results in significant damage mitigation (theoretically more than Energy Shield’s +25% damage reduction) but can also resist hard stuns, CCs, slows and other nastiness to boot.

Energy Shield: Increases damage reduction by 25% for 15 seconds (or 19 seconds with the Supercommando 6-piece set bonus). Note that this increase is additive, not multiplicative. Use when Explosive Fuel is not available or would be overkill.

Kolto Overload: Using Kolto Overload effectively is about judging how low you can safely let your health drop before popping it to maximize its value. Too early and it’s useless to you and your healers; too late and you can easily die through it. If you are being tank tunneled by multiple enemies, err on the side of caution and use it early. If you are getting slowly worn down by Guard damage and/or collateral AoE damage, you can afford to let your health drop more—though observant enemies may take note of your dropping health and swap to you.

Hydraulic Overrides: Breaks roots, increases movement speed and grants immunity to movement-controlling effects for the duration. A versatile ability, Hydraulic Overrides enables you to kite, chase down enemies and get back into Guard range.

Recommended Utilities

To the left are utilities ranked by usefulness (key below). To the right is a recommended build for typical warzones. When you feel comfortable with the discipline, I encourage you to experiment, to find which utilities complement your playstyle and which are best suited to particular situations, team compositions, etc.

Key  
green outline must have
red cross not recommended
unmodified situational

Shield Specialist Vanguard

vanguard.png

Offensive Abilities

Priority system is as follows:

  1. Energy Blast whenever proc’d (by shielding against an attack or triggering Ion Cell)
  2. Stockstrike
  3. High Impact Bolt
  4. Ion Storm (floats in priority as it’s on internal cooldown—wait for ideal cleave)

Explosive Surge: Spammable AoE ability. Applies Trauma debuff (20% less healing received). The Entangling Tools utility additionally causes Explosive Surge to slow affected targets.

Ion Pulse: Good single-target damage. Applies Trauma debuff (20% less healing received).

Battle Focus: Offensive and defensive cooldown, increasing ranged and tech critical hit chance by 25% and defense chance by 35% (via Soldier's Grit passive).

Flak Shell: Shouldn’t be used unless without the Smothering Slag utility (slows affected targets by 75% for 15 seconds). Explosive Surge/Entangling Tools slow is arguably superior.

Artillery Blitz: Only use if you see a good cleave opportunity.

Shoulder Cannon: Use on cooldown. Can also be used while CC’d.

Out of ammo? Use Recharge Cells and/or Hammer Shot.

Defensive/Peeling Tools

Riot Gas is unique to Shield Specialist. It reduces the movement speed of all targets within its AoE by 70% and reduces their accuracy by 15%. It lasts 10 seconds (or 13 seconds with the Supercommando 6-piece set bonus) and is hard to miss, releasing a canister of red gas at its location. It’s particularly effective against melee attackers, who have a hard time escaping it. You can either stand in the AoE or just outside it, forcing melee to trudge through or take the long way around.

Fig. 10: Vanguard’s Riot Gas animation.

Transpose is a cast ability that causes you and a friendly target to swap locations. Transposed allies cannot be leapt to or pulled and are immune to interrupts and pushback for 6 seconds or until they use an aggressive/healing ability. Transpose can be used to quickly get an ally out of a bad position and put you back on the frontline. Does not interrupt targeted ally’s casts.

Harpoon can be used to peel for an ally or move an enemy out of position for a kill.

Defensive Cooldowns

Battle Focus: Battle Focus is the Shield Specialist’s go-to defensive cooldown because it doubles as a powerful offensive cooldown (+25% critical hit chance). +35% defense chance not only results in significant damage mitigation (theoretically more than Reactive Shield’s +25% damage reduction) but can also resist hard stuns, CCs, slows and other nastiness to boot.

Reactive Shield: Increases damage reduction by 25% for 15 seconds (or 19 seconds with the Supercommando 6-piece set bonus). Note that this increase is additive, not multiplicative. Use when Battle Focus is not available or would be overkill.

Adrenaline Rush: Using Adrenaline Rush effectively is about judging how low you can safely let your health drop before popping it to maximize its value. Too early and it’s useless to you and your healers; too late and you can easily die through it. If you are being tank tunneled by multiple enemies, err on the side of caution and use it early. If you are getting slowly worn down by Guard damage and/or collateral AoE damage, you can afford to let your health drop more—though observant enemies may take note of your dropping health and swap to you.

Hold the Line: Breaks roots, increases movement speed and grants immunity to movement-controlling effects for the duration. A versatile ability, Hold the Line enables you to kite, chase down enemies and get back into Guard range.

Recommended Utilities

To the left are utilities ranked by usefulness (key below). To the right is a recommended build for typical warzones. When you feel comfortable with the discipline, I encourage you to experiment, to find which utilities complement your playstyle and which are best suited to particular situations, team compositions, etc.

Key  
green outline must have
red cross not recommended
unmodified situational

Conclusion

Tanking is about balance: maximizing your damage output while mitigating as much incoming damage as possible. By Guard swapping; using taunts on CD; understanding the particulars of the resolve system and how to CC effectively; performing the correct rotation; understanding how to best peel for allies; using your DCDs correctly and making sound utility choices, you’re on your way to becoming a valuable member of your team.

The skill ceiling is almost limitless: there are always ways to improve. Always aim to advance your game knowledge. Learn to identify dangerous situations and abilities so you can get the most value out of Guard. You need to know who to Guard and when (e.g., an ally who is about to be Ambushed) and when to disable Guard to prevent yourself dying unnecessarily. Developing this level of game sense takes time, effort and a lot of practice. I hope this guide opens your eyes to the complexities of PvP tanking and helps you take your gameplay to the next level.


Acknowledgements

Big thanks to Puddlejumper for his insights and to doc for his major contributions to this article.

Thanks also to the teams at TORCommunity and Jedipedia, whose databases were invaluable references in writing this guide.

Thanks also to rambol for revising and copyediting the text and for enabling me to share my insights with the community by hosting the guide.
 
Finally, a special shoutout to that one guy in that arena who couldn’t Guard swap. This guide is dedicated to you.


About the Author

I’m known as Hottie on Satele Shan. I have written four comprehensive guides to Operative healing and am a regular contributor here at rambol.net. I am passionate about gaming, PvP and Operative healing in particular. I have thousands of warzones under my belt, as well as hundreds of hours of team and solo ranked. I love to stream my gameplay and give tips to aspiring players. I am also passionate about giving back to the community and run my own SWTOR charity events. With the help of my guildies, friends and the SWTOR community, we have managed to raise thousands of dollars for several charities, including the American Cancer Society and the AFSP (American Foundation for Suicide Prevention).

You can contact me via this form, on Twitch or Twitter or leave a comment below.

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